The gentle goliaths
Marine scientist and filmmaker Gaelin Rosenwaks writes about the family bonds of sperm whales after researching the species in Dominica.
Staring into the eye of a sperm whale is a powerful experience. My first interaction with a sperm whale was when I was just under two years old. A young whale had stranded on the beach near my home in Long Island, New York and a group of veterinarians decided to bring this whale into a nearby boat basin to get a closer look at him and determine if they could help him. The young whale was nicknamed Physty, a play on the scientific name of sperm whales, Physeter macrocephalus, and how “feisty” he was in his time spent in the basin.
Physty was about 25 feet long and was probably between five and seven years old when he found himself gravely ill and in the shallow waters of coastal Long Island. He stranded twice before the rescue team brought him into the basin for a closer look.
While the veterinarians and rescuers were standing vigil thinking at any moment this creature from the depths was going to die, the scientists were also trying to determine what was wrong with this whale and why he had left his family unit, or was left by his family unit, ending up on the beach. It was determined that Physty had pneumonia and eventually, he was fed squid packed with antibiotics, and slowly started showing signs of improvement. During this time, Physty was in captivity for nine days and people could come to visit him as he first wallowed and then, as he was feeling better, swam around the boat basin. I was not even two years old when my mother took my brother and me to visit Physty and I was immediately captivated.
I will never forget the first time I looked into Physty’s enormous eye and he looked back at me. It is one of my first memories and remains as vivid today as it was then. Here was an enormous mysterious creature that came from the depths of the ocean, what else could be in the ocean’s depths? At that moment, I was hooked and the ocean and its conservation has been my life’s mission since.
Fast forward to 2018, when after years of experience on expeditions doing scientific research and making films and photographing the undersea world, I made my first expedition to Dominica to try to reconnect with these fabled giants. Throughout my career, as I went from researching zooplankton in the Antarctic to Bluefin Tuna in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, and then pivoting to sharing stories of scientific research from around the globe, those moments I spent with Physty were always in the back of my mind. I wanted to know more about his story and see another sperm whale in the wild.
The next time I saw a sperm whale, I was on expedition in the Norwegian Sea, filming for a project on Atlantic Salmon, when out of the fog, I saw the telltale 45 degree blow of a sperm whale. I nearly fell overboard as I wanted to get closer to this whale for a better look, but a few minutes later, he/she sounded and disappeared into the depths.
Our first expedition to Dominica was a solid reminder of what makes wildlife filmmaking and ocean story telling so challenging. The weather was terrible and the whales were nowhere to be seen. We spent long days listening for the distant clicking of whales, but heard none. The ocean was silent until one afternoon in the pouring rain, we heard the sound we were waiting for, the ‘click, click, click’ of sperm whales hunting in the depths.
After decades of dreaming about Physty and that quick glimpse in the frigid waters of the Arctic, this was my moment to reconnect with these incredible animals. However this interaction would be only two minutes, and while brief, only sparked my desire to spend more time in the water and learn more about these incredible animals. I had seen whales around the world, and had spent time in the water with orcas and dolphins, but this fleeting moment solidified that sperm whales had captured my heart.
Fortunately, luck was on our side in 2019 as I moved forward with my project to tell the story of Physty and the incredible family dynamics and communities of sperm whales, and I found myself and my team back in the deep blue waters of Dominica under my second permit from the government to study and understand these incredible animals. On the very first day in the water, I found myself locked in a gaze with a pregnant female for over 25 minutes. She seemed to welcome me into her world, clicking on me, sizing me up and never letting me out of her sight. I had connected with Physty when I was a toddler, and now I found myself in a dance underwater with this female whale. Time seemed to stand still as she swam slowly next to me trying to get closer and closer.
At one point I was swimming backwards so as not to touch her; I don’t condone touching wildlife. As I tried to get out of her way to make sure she wanted me there, she would only get closer. At one point, she went entirely vertical, closed her eyes and took a nap right next to me. She then opened her eyes, did a gentle twirl and began swimming slowly again. Finally, it was time for her to feed again, and with a gentle flick of her tail disappeared into the depths. We would see this whale over the course of our ten days in the water. With one glance into her eye, I knew it was her; she was unmistakable.
The whales of Dominica are predominantly females, young and old. Like many whales, sperm whales are matriarchal with the females staying in their family units their entire lives. At one point, we were in the water with three generations of whales! It was beyond incredible to witness how these animals interacted with one another and to witness the female baby, whom I was lucky enough to name Ariel, copying the behaviours of her mother and grandmother was mind-blowing.
Like us, the whales learn from and rely on their mothers. While we saw mostly female whales, young male whales will stay with their family unit for many years before venturing off into the ocean on their own. The more I learn about sperm whales, the more I realise how incredible it is that the rescue team was able to rehabilitate Physty who being around 5 years old, should have still been with his mother and family unit. As I spent time in the water with the whales of Dominica, I couldn’t help wondering if Physty was born in these warm crystal clear blue waters and perhaps more importantly, where he could be now.
I have been lucky enough to return to Dominica many times now and every expedition yields new insights into the behaviours and family dynamics of sperm whales. I have had the privilege of babysitting a baby whale while its mother hunted, witnessed babies nursing and many other tender moments between the whales. Many of these interactions and incredible moments have been captured in my new book, Sperm Whales: The Gentle Goliaths of the Oceans, (Rizzoli, 2022) in which I share a more detailed look into my life changing experiences with sperm whales.
Find out more about Gaelin’s latest book here.
Issue 29 Moving sand
Issue 28 Sea forests
Issue 27 Mission Deep
Issue 26 Zamie
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